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Article Published on: 13 MAY 2023 |

Iconic buildings are structures that have stood the test of time and have become symbols of a city, country, or even the world. These structures have become cultural landmarks that are recognized globally, and millions of people visit them every year. From the ancient Pyramids of Giza to modern structures such as the Burj Khalifa, the world is filled with iconic buildings that have become must-see destinations for travelers. In this essay, we will look at the world's five most famous structures, including their history, design, and significance.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and the largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex in Egypt. Built more than 4,500 years ago, the pyramid was originally constructed as a tomb for the Pharaoh Khufu. The pyramid is made up of more than 2.3 million limestone blocks, and each block weighs approximately 2.5 tons. The Great Pyramid was the tallest structure in the world for more than 3,800 years, until the construction of the Lincoln Cathedral in England in 1311.

The pyramid's design is simple yet impressive, with its four sloping triangular sides meeting at a single point at the top. The pyramid's height is 146 meters, and each side is 230 meters long. The pyramid's significance lies in its history and the technology and engineering skills required to build such a structure in ancient times. Today, the Great Pyramid is one of Egypt's top tourist attractions and a symbol of the country's rich history and heritage.

Photo by Sumit Mangela

The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower is one of the most recognized structures in the world and an iconic symbol of Paris, France. Built for the 1889 World's Fair, the tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel, a French engineer and architect. The tower's design is a feat of engineering, with its lattice-like structure made up of wrought iron and standing 324 meters tall.

The tower's three levels offer panoramic views of Paris, and visitors can take a lift or climb the stairs to reach the top. The Eiffel Tower's significance lies in its role as a cultural symbol of France and its contribution to the field of engineering. The tower is also an important part of Parisian life, with its light show and firework displays marking important events and celebrations.

Photo by Anthony DELANOIX

The Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is a towering skyscraper located in New York City and is one of the most iconic buildings in the world. Built-in 1931, the building was the tallest in the world until the construction of the World Trade Center in 1971. The Empire State Building's design is Art Deco, with its limestone facade and iconic spire that stands 443 meters tall.

The building's significance lies in its cultural and historical importance, as it was built during the Great Depression and provided jobs for thousands of workers. The Empire State Building is also an important part of New York City's skyline and is a symbol of the city's resilience and determination.

Photo by Dana Andreea Gheorghe

The Burj Khalifa

The Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world, standing at 828 meters tall. Located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, the building was completed in 2010 and is an impressive feat of engineering and architecture. The Burj Khalifa's design is modern and sleek, with its tapered structure and glass facade.

The building's significance lies in its contribution to the field of engineering and architecture, as it pushed the limits of what is possible in building design and construction. The Burj Khalifa is also an important part of Dubai's skyline and is a symbol of the city's modernity and progress.

Photo by Kuriakose John

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